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HID Global

Originally formed to develop radio frequency identification technologies, HID Global was formed in 1991 as Hughes Identification Devices, a subsidiary of Hughes Aircraft Company with offices in California and Scotland. The original 125-kilohertz proximity technology had been pioneered by Destron IDI, Boulder, Colorado and used in many applications including Animal Identification, Tyre tracking and in motor vehicle and aircraft industries to track parts, and the company’s founders thought there would be markets interested in using this technology for other purposes.[19]


In 1994 the office in Scotland was closed and the European business passed to a UK based independent distributor, ID Plus Ltd who were later acquired by HID Corporation Ltd in August 1999.


In October 1995, Hughes management, with help from Citibank Venture Capital, combined its military communications and display products groups with its AML Wireless Systems organization and Hughes Identification Devices (HID) to form Palomar Technologies Corporation.[20] It was at that point that the decision was made to focus efforts on RFID for physical access control, and five years later, the company was acquired by the world's largest lock-maker, Swedish conglomerate ASSA ABLOY AB.[19]


Hughes Identification Devices, Division of Hughes Aircraft


Hughes Identification, which began as a division of Hughes Electronics Corp., made the cards and card readers many businesses and government agencies use to limit access to their offices. Its clients included Motorola, International Business Machines Corp. and numerous colleges. As part of Palomar Technologies, Hughes Identification enjoyed swift growth as the private sector became increasingly concerned about security. It was acquired by ASSA ABLOY in January 2001 for about $250 million in cash, adding the Irvine company's electronic systems to its more old-fashioned product line.




ASSA ABLOY is the largest global supplier of intelligent locks and security solutions. Its products account for more than one in ten of all lock and security installations worldwide. Since its formation in 1994, ASSA ABLOY has grown from a regional company into an international group with around 43,000 employees, sales of about SEK 47 billion and own operations in over 70 countries.[21]

ASSA ABLOY is represented on both mature and emerging markets worldwide, with leading positions in much of Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and New Zealand. ASSA ABLOY is divided into three regional and two global divisions. The regional divisions, Americas, EMEA and Asia Pacific, manufacture and sell mechanical and electromechanical locks, digital door locks, cylinders and security doors adapted to the local market’s standards and security requirements. The global divisions, Global Technologies and Entrance Systems, manufacture and sell electronic access control, identification products and entrance automation on the global market.